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Abstract                 Volume:8  Issue-10  Year-2021          Original Research Articles

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K-IBA concentration regulates rooting quality and plant vigor of Prunus laurocerasus L.
Qing Gui1, Donglin Zhang2, Yujie Yang1*iD
1College of Horticulture and Gardening, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434025, China
2Department of Horticulture, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
*Corresponding author

Prunus laurocerasus is an evergreen species of Rosaceae, native to southwestern Asia and southeastern Europe. It is a widely cultivated ornamental plant in gardens and parks in temperate regions. A new cultivar with 2-4 cm long and 0.5-1.5 cm broad leaves was collected and regenerated with the stem cuttings in November. All cuttings were treated with Indole-3-butyric acid (K-IBA) at 1000, 3000, and 8000 mg•L-1. K-IBA concentrations had significant influence on rooting quality and after growth of Prunus laurocerasus. The rooting percentage was very high, ranged from 94.4% to 100% after two months. Although rooting percentage did not show the great difference, number of roots and root length were highly affected. As the K-IBA concentrations increased, number of roots increased significantly from 6 to 11 to 17. However, root length had the opposite trend than that of root numbers. The longest root length, 21.9 cm, was obtained from cuttings treated with K-IBA at 1000 mg•L-1. Cuttings treated with K-IBA 1000 mg•L-1 had mean root length of 6.5cm, 4.0 and 1.9 cm for 3000 mg•L-1 and 8000 mg•L-1, respectively. Rooted cuttings were transplanted to one gallon pots and placed in a heated greenhouse. The survival rate was recorded and dead cuttings were examined. The highest survival rate was 95.5% under K-IBA 1000 mg•L-1 treatment, while those treated with K-IBA 3000 mg•L-1 and 8000 mg•L-1 was 78.8% and 50.0%, respectively. Higher K-IBA concentrations might increase the number of roots, but kill the rooted cuttings or reduce the plant vigor afterward. For the propagation of Prunus laurocerasus, stem cuttings treated with K-IBA 1000 mg•L-1 are recommended.


Cherry laurel,K-IBA,Plant vigor,Prunus laurocerasus,Rooting

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How to cite this article:

Gui, Q., Zhang, D., Yang, Y., 2021. K-IBA concentration regulates rooting quality and plant vigor of Prunus laurocerasus L..Int.J.Curr.Res.Biosci.Plantbiol. 8(10): 17-20. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2021.810.003
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