|Online ISSN : 2349-8080
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE), Hyderabad, Telangana 500 030, India
Bioremediation is a process of breaking down the nutrients using biological processes under optimal environmental conditions. Current review will focus on the various types of bioremediation, the various technologies surrounding it, and their advantages and disadvantages. Focusing on the application of nutrients alone will not reap expected scientific benefits, but, a combination of applying nutrients and microbial augmentation will be more advantageous. Bioremediation, also known as environmental biotechnology, is a form of biotechnology that seeks to reduce the environmental pollutants, which has become one of the best alternatives that counteracts the use of products and physical-chemical processes directed to the same end. In a real world scenario, hydrocarbons are sensitive to biodegradation, some more easily than others. When a spill occurs in the water, the continuous movement caused by wind and waves produces mixtures of compounds on a microscopic scale. This is where bacteria such as pseudomonas, corynebacteria, mycobacteria, seaweed and yeasts begin to process the degradation of those aliphatic and aromatic components, which can be oxidized by microorganisms. In this review, the author discussed importance of focusing environmental policies towards achieving sustainable development in individual nations. There is also a serious need of managing natural resources rationally and responsibly towards preventing harmful consequences that otherwise affect our environment. The current review also stresses on the very technologies and various steps towards the manipulating processes of bioremediation in order to make it more scientifically and financially available for addressing the contaminated environment.