Abstract                 Volume:7  Issue-6  Year-2020          Original Research Articles

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Sacred groves of Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary – Ideal centres for biodiversity conservation
M. Padma Sorna Subramanian1, A. Saravana Ganthi2* and K. Subramonian3
1Survey of Medicinal Plants Unit (S), CCRS, Salem, Tamil Nadu - 636 401, India
2Department of Botany, Rani Anna Government College for Women, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu – 627 008, India
3Department of Botany, The MDT Hindu College, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu – 627 010, India
 
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Survey at Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary revealed six groves were located in the area of study. There is diversity in deities worshipped. The selected groves show the existence of many species of medicinal plants. In those six groves, 210 species of flowering plants were found. Salvadora persica is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. Drosera indica and Drosera burmanni are carnivorous plants used extensively in herbal medicine and are classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013. Commiphora berryi is a peninsular endemic species recorded in the present study. This wetland sacred forest area is of high biodiversity, with many unique species of animals and birds. The loss of faith, extraction of timber, shifting of deity/restricting the abode of the deity, clearing of groves for development activities, Biomass removal, Poaching and migration and occupation of lands by people of other faiths are the existing threats and major reasons for the decline of sacred groves.

Keywords: Biodiversity Deity Forest In-situ conservation Sacred groves
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How to cite this article:

Padma Sorna Subramanian, M., Saravana Ganthi, A., Subramonian, K., 2020. Sacred groves of Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary – Ideal centres for biodiversity conservation.Int.J.Curr.Res.Biosci.Plantbiol. 7(6): 45-54. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2020.706.005