Abstract                 Volume:7  Issue-4  Year-2020          Original Research Articles

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Characterization of plant groups and description of plant succession in the sacred Kouoghap forest of the Batoufam village, West Cameroon
Junelle Makemteu1* and Emmanuel Noumi2
1 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences,University of Dschang, P. O. Box 96 Dschang, Cameroon
2 Laboratory of Plant Biology: Higher Teachers’ Training College, University of Yaounde I,O. Box 47, Yaounde, Cameroon
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The Batoufam village located in the mountaineous Western Region of Cameroon, forms  part of the bioclimatic zone of the northern peripheral domain of the Guineo-Congolese region of Cameroon Guineo-Congolese phytogeographic region. This region is known for its bocager landscape. In this village, the Kouoghap gallery forest is remnants of the pioneer vegetation destroyed by man which has been conserved because of its sacred nature. This work is a phytosociological analysis of the Kouoghap forest and an assessment of its floristic affinities with other central Africa and Neotropical forest sites. The phytosociological analysis was based on the comparison of the 265 plant species lists within an area of 0.25-hestarest. The analyses of the floristic groupings have been made on the basis of the partition of the samples by Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA) and an Ascending Hierarchical Classification (CHA). The Kouoghap forest presents three major plant sets: the gallery forest, the rainforest and one of the various groupings. Two submontane forests were described as two plant associations: the Synsepalum cerasiferum ass. nov. of the forest galleries of the northern domain of the Guineo-Congolese region, and the Tricalysietum macrophyllae ass. nov.  of the rainforest. The flora of Kouoghap counts a strong proportion of both the guineo - Congolese species (at least 51%) and Soudano-Zambezian (at least 13%).

Keywords: Batoufam Ouest Cameroon,Characterization,Kouoghap submountane forest,
Rainforest-gallery forest,Succession
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How to cite this article:

Makemteu, J., Noumi, E., 2020. Characterization of plant groups and description of plant succession in the sacred Kouoghap forest of the Batoufam village, West Cameroon.Int.J.Curr.Res.Biosci.Plantbiol. 7(4): 14-36. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2020.704.003