Abstract                 Volume:7  Issue-1  Year-2020          Original Research Articles

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Effects of planting bed and mineral fertilization on the production and growth of Extra Sweet pineapple (Ananas comosus L.) aerial suckers in the locality of Bonoua, a town in south eastern Côte d’Ivoire
Kanga N’guessan Martial*, Cherif Mamadou, Sanogo Souleymane, Tuo Seydou,Yao Kouadio Jacques Edouard , Kouassi N’dri Pacôme, Konan Kouakou Séraphin, Bomisso Edson Lezin, Camara Brahima, Sorho Fatogoma,  Dick Acka Emmanuel  and Koné Daouda
University Félix Houphouët Boigny, UFR (Faculty) of Biosciences, Laboratory of Plant Physiology,22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d´Ivoire
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The introduction of MD2 pineapple in the international fruit trade has helped to drastically reduce exports from Côte d’Ivoire, which has long been the European market leader with the smooth Cayenne variety. As a result, Ivorian producers must adopt MD2cultivation which involves sucker availability. This study aimed at assessing the effect of planting beds and manures on the growth and development of aerial suckers produced after fruit harvesting. The planting beds studied included: film-covered ridges (BAP), uncovered ridges (BSP) and flat soils (TP). The manures used included: F1: Urea + Potassium + Trace elements (Boron + Zinc), F2: Urea + Potassium + Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium compound (NPK) / Magnesium Monoxide + Trace elements (Boron + Zinc), F3: Urea + Potassium and F4: Urea + Potassium / Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium compound (NPK) / Magnesium Monoxide. The design was a split-plot. Planting bed was the main factor and manure was the secondary one. The results obtained showed that on the BAP and BSP planting beds, sucker growth and production were statistically identical and higher than those observed on TP. Moreover, manure did not have a significant effect on sucker production and growth. The results obtained make it possible to say that the BAP and BSP planting beds should be recommended with one of the manures for a sustainable production of suckers.

Keywords: Aerial suckers, Growth,Manure,MD Pineapple,Planting bed
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How to cite this article:

Kanga, N. M., Cherif, M., Sanogo, S., Tuo, S., Yao, K. J. E., Kouassi, N’dri P., Konan K. S., Bomisso, E. L., Camara, B., Sorho, F., Dick, A. E., Koné, D., 2020. Effects of planting bed and mineral fertilization on the production and growth of Extra Sweet pineapple (Ananas comosus L.) aerial suckers in the locality of Bonoua, a town in south eastern Côte d’Ivoire.Int.J.Curr.Res.Biosci.Plantbiol. 7(1): 23-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2020.701.003