Abstract                 Volume:6  Issue-11  Year-2019          Original Research Articles

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Tick infestation and haematocrit alteration of cattle in Boklé-Garoua (Northern Cameroon)
Samuel Abah1,2,3*, Wade Abel3, Alexandre Michel Njan Nlôga2, Sevidzem Silas Lendzele4,5, Abdoulmoumini Mamoudou6, Simon Dickmu3, Rodrigue Simonet Poueme Namegni3, Yaya Aboubakar3, Andre Zoli6, Ndamkou Christian3 and Abdoulkadiri Souley3
1Special Mission for Tse-Tse Fly Eradication, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
2Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
3Laboratoire National Veterinaire, LANAVET, Garoua, Cameroon
4IRET, Department of Animal Biology, PO Box 13354, Libreville, Gabon
5Ecole Doctorale des Grandes Ecoles (EDGE), Laboratoire d’Ecologie Vectorielle (LEV-IRET),BP: 13354, Libreville, Gabon.
6School of Veterinary Medicine and Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases (TBDs) represent a scourge to livestock health and production in Cameroon. Information on their ecology and impact on cattle in the North region of Cameroon which is an important livestock zone of Cameroon is scanty, reason why a cross sectional study in the rainy season was conducted from May to September 2015 in the locality of Boklé-Garoua in the North region of Cameroon with the aim of identifying the different species of ticks and relate tick load with haematocrit. Ticks were collected once a week from six adult cattle and identified using standard keys. In total, 404 ticks were collected and classified under Amblyomma variegatum, Hyalomma truncatum, Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus. Hyalomma truncatum (50%) was the most frequent species, whileRhipicephalus sanguineus(1%)was the least. There was a negative and statistically non-significant(r=-0.170, p>0.05)correlation in mean tick load and haematocrit of cattle.The results of this study indicate the occurrence of four species of ticks and their negative but non-significant effect on haematocrit of cattle from the north region of Cameroon. Studies on the diseases transmitted by these vectors are underway and will indicate the impact and need for their control in Cameroon.

Keywords: Cattle,Haematocrit,Prevalence,Synamics,Ticks
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How to cite this article:

Abah, S., Abel, W., Njan Nlôga, A. M., Lendzele, S. S., Mamoudou, A., Dickmu, S., Poueme Namegni, R. S., Aboubakar, Y., Zoli, A., Christian, N., Souley, A., 2019. Tick infestation and haematocrit alteration of cattle in Boklé-Garoua (Northern Cameroon).Int.J.Curr.Res.Biosci.Plantbiol. 6(11): 29-34. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2019.611.004