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Abstract                 Volume:5  Issue-1  Year-2018          Original Research Articles

IJCRBP is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCRBP Articles.

Online ISSN : 2349-8080
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Effect of Shade at Agrisilviculture System on Characteristics of Stomatal Abaxial Leaf Surfaces in Toraja Highland,Indonesia
Resti Ura′1*, Samuel Arung Paembonan2 and Daud Malamassam2
1Postgraduate, Faculty of Forestry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
2Faculty of Forestry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
*Corresponding author

Agrisilviculture was a mixture of forestry and agricultural crops in various canopy strata. This study aims to analyze the effect of shade on the agrisilviculture system on the stomatal characteristics at abaxial leaf surfaces in Toraja Highland Indonesia. The method used is to apply acetone on the abaxial leaf surfaces longitudinally to obtain stomatal characteristic data and environmental factor measurements. Data analysis descriptive. The results showed that stomatal density at abaxial leaf tissue was influenced by environmental factors (light intensity, air temperature, humidity, soil pH, and soil moisture), site index and plant species. Tree shade affects on the light intensity received by the leaf canopy on the lower layers. Types of stomatal at abaxial leaf surfaces on Elmerrillia ovalis and Coffea canephora are anisocytic and cyclocytic type on the leaf of Colocasia esculenta. The highest stomatal density above 500 stomatal/mm2 was found on the leaf of Elmerrillia ovalis and Coffea canephora and the lowest on the leaf of Colocasia esculenta 110 stomatal/mm2. The stomatal closing cells in leaf all three plant species were kidney-shaped.

Keywords: Agrisilviculture,Shade effect,Stomatal,Toraja Highland
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How to cite this article:

Resti Ura′, Paembonan, S. A., Malamassam, D., 2018. Effect of shade at agrisilviculture system on characteristics of stomatal abaxial leaf surfaces in Toraja Highland, Indonesia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Biosci.Plantbiol. 5(1): 18-24. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2018.501.003
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.