Abstract                 Volume:4  Issue-11  Year-2017          Original Research Articles

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Fungal Profile and Mycotoxin Contamination in Animal Feed in Urban and Peri-urban Zones of Bamako
Ousmane Diarra, Amadou Hamaoun Babana* and Kadia Maïga
Laboratory of Research in Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology (LaboREM-Biotech), Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali BP E3206                                        
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In animal production in Mali, food appears to be the major constraint. In fact, mycotoxin contamination of animal feed is common and widely spread in West Africa. Due to their ubiquity, mycotoxin producing moulds are capable of reducing the nutritional value of animal feed by elaborating several mycotoxins. Animal feed contaminated with mycotoxins has adverse effects on animal health and productivity. Also, mycotoxins may be carried over into meat and milk when animals are fed with contaminated feed. Samples of feed used for animal nutrition in Urban and Peri-urban Zones of Bamako were randomly collected and analyzed for fungal flora and natural incidence of mycotoxins. Ten mould genera were recovered, six of them known to be mycotoxigenic. More than 11 species were determined. Fumonisins, deoxynivalenol and zearalenone were detected in all the samples, while Aflatoxins were not detected in samples from Massala. Thirty-six out of 36 samples were contaminated with zearalenone, 34 out of 36 were contaminated with Fumonisins and 26 out of 36 were contaminated with deoxynivalenol. Also, 7 out of 36 samples were contaminated with aflatoxins. This study indicates the need for continuous assessment of the mycological status of animal feed production, in order to ensure food safety.

Keywords: Animal feed,Contamination, Fungi,Moulds,Mycotoxin
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How to cite this article:

Diarra, O., Babana, A. H., Maïga, K., 2017. Fungal profile and mycotoxin contamination in animal feed in urban and peri-urban zones of Bamako. Int.Int.J.Curr.Res.Biosci.Plantbiol. 4(11): 50-56. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2017.411.007