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2Department of Soil Science and Agrilcultural Chemistry, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola, Maharashtra, India
A field experiment was undertaken during Kharif-2013-14 at Dr. PDKV, Akola in RBD with twenty chilli genotypes as treatment, fertilized with common RDF and package of practices. Significant yield performance of genotypes GCL 5-6, G-4, G-5 and Surya was recorded for green as well as dry chillies. Average yield of fresh green chilli ranged from 6.2 to 20.3 q haâ€‘1 and after drying, their weight reduced between 0.58 to 1.69 q haâ€‘1 and their wet to dry per cent varied from 7.27 to 13.19%. Quality parameters viz., ascorbic acid and capsaicin content in chilli fruits was increased with maturity of the fruits. The content of capsaicin and ascorbic acid in green chilli fruit powder varied from 67.55 to 121.95 mg 100 g-1 sample and 0.50 to 0.83%, respectively. Significantly highest 0.83 percent capsaicin was noted in green fruits of genotype G-5 which was also significantly highest in ascorbic acid content in green (121.95 mg 100 g-1). On the basis of capsaicin content green fruits of G-5 and ACL-4 were pungent. Furthermore, it was noted that the after harvest of chilli genotypes mean fertility status (N 0.030 %, P 16.58 kg ha-1 and K 229.86 kg ha-1) of soil was decline over initial status (N 0.031 %, P 17.27 kg ha-1 and K 288.85 kg ha-1) under common RDF. The data revealed the significant mining of soil nutrients by chilli crop to meet out its nutritional requirement.