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Abstract                 Volume:4  Issue-8  Year-2017          Original Research Articles

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Antifungal Activity and Quantitative Phytochemical Analysis of Phyllodium pulchellum L. Desv.- An Important Medicinal Plant
Gopal Velmurugan* and Subramaniam Parvathi Anand
PG and Research Department of Botany, National College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli – 620 001, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author

Phyllodium pulchellum L. Desv. is an subshrub, belongs to the fabaceae family. The present study has been attempted to antifungal activity and quantitative phytochemical analysis of the leaf of P. pulchellum. The plant extracted with different organic solvents viz., aqueous, chloroform and ethanol. Antifungal activity of the leaf extract against some pathogenic fungus like Aspergillus nigar, Pencillium notatum, Rhizhotonia solani and Colletotrichum falcatum. The inhibitory effect of leaf distillates was compared with the standard fluconazole. Quantitative phytochemical analyses were performed using standard procedures. The ethanol leaf extracts of P. pulchellum showed maximum activity against Aspergillus niger, followed by Colletotrichum falcatum, Penicillium notatum and Rhizoctonia solani. The ethanolic extract showed higher level of phenol (88.68±2.081 mg/g), flavonoid (71.33±4.172 mg/g) tannin (30.23±3.025 mg/g) and than the other extracts which having secondary metabolites. These findings provide scientific evidence to support the traditional use of Phyllodium pulchellum and also indicate that the leaf of this species are a promising potential for the development of quantitative phytochemical and antifungal agent.

Keywords: Antifungal activity, Fabaceae, Phyllodium pulchellum, Phytochemicals
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How to cite this article:

Velmurugan, G., Parvathi Anand, S., 2017. Antifungal activity and quantitative phytochemical analysis of Phyllodium pulchellum L. Desv.- An important medicinal plantInt.J.Curr.Res.Biosci.Plantbiol. 4(8): 67-72. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2017.408.009
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