|Online ISSN : 2349-8080
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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The savannas of the Western Highlands of Cameroon are exploited for agricultural and pastoral activities. These savannas are still poorly studied and its sustainable management requires knowledge in terms of flora. This study aimed to assess the floristic diversity of savannas of the Western highlands of Cameroon. The basic data on the floristic composition were collected to inventory plant diversity in 72 plots of 100 m². The species richness and biological diversity indices were used to express diversity. In this study, 260 flora species belong to 165 genera and 72 families were surveyed from April 2013 to August 2015. The most frequent and most abundant species were Imperata cylindrica and Hyparrhenia involucrata. The families with the greatest number of species were Poaceae (49); Asteraceae (35), Fabaceae (25), Rubiaceae (11), Hypericaeae (7) and Moraceae (7). The Shannon diversity index (5.2), equitability of Pielou (0.97) and Simpson diversity index (0.66) values were high. The great diversity of Western highlands savannas is linked to the diversity of the observed biotopes.