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2Department of Medicinal Biochemistry, Cross River State University of Science and Technology, Okuku-Ogala,
Cross River, Nigeria
An investigation into the bioactive compounds in Synedrella nodiflora (leaf) and Vossia cuspidata (stem) was carried out. Soxhlet extraction, aqueous extraction and wet extraction methods were carried out using chloroform and water as the solvents. The extract obtained for Vossia cuspidata stems was 14.0%, 12.6% and 7.85% while that of Synedrella nodiflora leaves were 11.85%, 9.05% and 5.30% respectively. Phytochemical analysis of Vossia cuspidata stem showed the presence of carbohydrates, glycosides, terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins while saponins, antiquinones, phlobatannins and steroids were absent. On the other hand, Synedrella nodiflora leaf extract showed the presence of carbohydrates, alkaloids, steroids, tannins, phlobatannins and saponins; however, flavonoids, terponoids, glycosides and antiquinones were absent. The significant of this work lies in the use of both plants in the treatment of important ailments, Synedrella nodiflora for measles, stimulants, relaxant, malaria, etc. and Vossia cuspidata are used for skin burns, bed sore, cough, wounds and inflammation.